( Robert Johnson).
Tape-recorded: San Antonio, November 23, 1936.
Robert Johnson (g)( vcl).
Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911– August 16, 1938) is among the most famous of Delta blues artists. His landmark recordings from 1936– 1937 show a remarkable combination of singing, guitar abilities, and songwriting skill that have actually affected generations of artists. Johnson’s shadowy, improperly documented life and death at age 27 have actually generated much legend.
Thought about by some to be the “Grandpa of Rock ‘n’ Roll”, his singing phrasing, original songs, and guitar design have influenced a broad variety of artists, consisting of Muddy Waters, John Fogerty, Bob Dylan, Johnny Winter, Jimi Hendrix, The Yardbirds, Cream, Led Zeppelin, The Allman Brothers Band, The Rolling Stones, Paul Butterfield, The Band, Neil Young, Warren Zevon, Jimmy Page, Jeff Beck, Robert Palmer, Jack White and Eric Clapton, who called Johnson “the most important blues artist who ever lived”. He was also ranked 5th in Wanderer’s list of 100 Greatest Guitarists of Perpetuity. He is an inductee of the Rock and Roll Hall of Popularity.
Robert Johnson was born in Hazlehurst, Mississippi most likely on Might 8, 1911, to Julia Major Dodds and Noah Johnson. Julia was wed to Charles Dodds, a fairly thriving landowner and furnishings maker to whom she had borne 10 kids. Dodds had actually been required by a lynch mob to leave Hazlehurst following a dispute with white landowners. Julia herself left Hazlehurst with baby Robert, however after some 2 years sent him to reside in Memphis with Dodds, who had actually altered his name to Charles Spencer.
Around 1919, Robert rejoined his mom in the location around Tunica and Robinsonville, Mississippi. Julia’s brand-new hubby was referred to as Dusty Willis, and Robert was kept in mind by some informants as “Little Robert Dusty”. Nevertheless, he was registered at the Indian Creek School in Tunica as Robert Spencer. Robert was at school in 1924 and 1927 and the quality of his signature on his marriage certificate recommends that he studied continuously and was reasonably well informed for a boy of his background. One school friend, Willie Coffee, has been discovered and shot. He remembers that Robert was currently noted for playing the harmonica and jew’s harp.
After school, Robert adopted the surname of his natural father, signing himself as Robert Johnson on the certificate of his marital relationship to sixteen-year-old Virginia Travis in February 1929. She died soon after in giving birth.
Around this time, the noted blues artist Child Home relocated to Robinsonville where his musical partner Willie Brown already lived. Late in life, House kept in mind Johnson as a kid who had followed him around and tried really unsuccessfully to copy him. He then left the Robbinsonville location, however later came back after a few months with an incredible guitar technique. His boast is totally credible. Johnson later on recorded variations of “Preaching the Blues” and “Walking Blues” in House’s singing and guitar design. However, Child’s chronology is questioned by Guralnick. When Home transferred to Robbinsville in 1930, Johnson was a young adult, already wed and widowed. The list below year, he was living near Hazelhurst, where he wed for the 2nd time. From this base Johnson started travelling up and down the Delta as a travelling artist.